Saturday, 17 November 2018

Configure CentOS 7 PXE Server to Install Ubuntu 18.10

Configure CentOS 7 PXE Server to Install Ubuntu 18.10In our previous posts, we have configured a PXE boot server that supports both BIOS and UEFI based clients. We have also configured our CentOS 7 PXE server to install RHEL 6 and RHEL 7 operating systems using Kickstart. Now, we will configure our CentOS 7 PXE server to install Ubuntu 18.10.

We will also create a Kickstart file for automated installation of Ubuntu 18.10 operating system, and ensure that it will support both BIOS and UEFI based clients.

This task can be broken down into following steps:

1) Share Ubuntu 18.10 ISO/DVD contents via NFS Server
2) Create a Kickstart file for Ubuntu 18.10 automated installation
3) Copy Boot images to tftpboot directory
4) Create Menu Entries for Ubuntu 18.10 installation

Note: In this article, we are performing everything from CLI, therefore, it is highly recommended that, you should have Linux Pocket Guide: Essential Commands for quick reference.

 

System Specification:

We use the same CentOS 7 machine that we have configured as PXE Boot Server in our previous article. These specifications have been re-mentioned below for convenience of the readers.

CPU: 2 Core (2.4 Mhz)
Memory: 2 GB
Storage: 50 GB
Operating System: CentOS 7.5
Hostname: pxe-server.itlab.com
IP Address: 192.168.116.41/24

 

Share Ubuntu 18.10 ISO/DVD contents via NFS Server:

Connect to pxe-server.itlab.com using ssh as root user.

Install NFS packages using yum command.

[root@pxe-server ~]# yum install -y nfs-utils Loaded plugins: product-id, search-disabled-repos, subscription-manager This system is not registered with an entitlement server. You can use subscription-manager to register. localyum | 4.3 kB 00:00 Resolving Dependencies --> Running transaction check ---> Package nfs-utils.x86_64 1:1.3.0-0.54.el7 will be installed --> Finished Dependency Resolution Dependencies Resolved ================================================================================ Package Arch Version Repository Size ================================================================================ Installing: nfs-utils x86_64 1:1.3.0-0.54.el7 localyum 407 k Transaction Summary ================================================================================ Install 1 Package Total download size: 407 k Installed size: 1.0 M Downloading packages: Running transaction check Running transaction test Transaction test succeeded Running transaction Installing : 1:nfs-utils-1.3.0-0.54.el7.x86_64 1/1 Verifying : 1:nfs-utils-1.3.0-0.54.el7.x86_64 1/1 Installed: nfs-utils.x86_64 1:1.3.0-0.54.el7 Complete!

Start and Enable NFS service.

[root@pxe-server ~]# systemctl start nfs-server [root@pxe-server ~]# systemctl enable nfs-server Created symlink from /etc/systemd/system/multi-user.target.wants/nfs-server.service to /usr/lib/systemd/system/nfs-server.service.

Create a directory for sharing Ubuntu 18.10 ISO.

[root@pxe-server ~]# mkdir /nfsshare [root@pxe-server ~]# chown nfsnobody:nfsnobody /nfsshare

Allow NFS and relevant ports in CentOS 7.5 Firewall.

[root@pxe-server ~]# firewall-cmd --permanent --add-service={nfs,mountd,rpc-bind} success [root@pxe-server /]# firewall-cmd --reload success

Adjust SELinux Permissions.

[root@pxe-server /]# semanage fcontext --add -t nfs_t '/nfsshare(/.*)?' [root@pxe-server /]# restorecon -Rv /nfsshare/ restorecon reset /nfsshare context unconfined_u:object_r:var_t:s0->unconfined_u:object_r:nfs_t:s0

Export /nfsshare directory for all clients.

[root@pxe-server /]# echo "/nfsshare *(ro)" >> /etc/exports [root@pxe-server /]# exportfs -r

Attach Ubuntu 18.10 Server ISO/DVD and mount it at /mnt/iso (you can use any mountpoint, according to your choice).

[root@pxe-server ~]# mount -t iso9660 /dev/cdrom /mnt/iso mount: /dev/sr0 is write-protected, mounting read-only

Copy contents of /mnt/iso directory to NFS server.

[root@pxe-server ~]# cp -rf /mnt/iso /nfsshare/ubuntu18

 

Create a Kickstart file for automated installation of Ubuntu 18.10:

We have to write a Kickstart file for Ubuntu 18.10 within the /nfsshare/ubuntu18/preseed/ directory, so it can be accessed by PXE clients via NFS service.

[root@pxe-server ~]# vi /nfsshare/ubuntu18/preseed/ubuntu.seed

A sample kickstart file is given below, you can modify it according to your requirements.

# Enable extras.ubuntu.com. d-i apt-setup/extras boolean true # Install the Ubuntu desktop. tasksel tasksel/first multiselect ubuntu-desktop # On live DVDs, don't spend huge amounts of time removing substantial # application packages pulled in by language packs. Given that we clearly # have the space to include them on the DVD, they're useful and we might as # well keep them installed. ubiquity ubiquity/keep-installed string icedtea6-plugin openoffice.org #System language lang en_US #Language modules to install langsupport en_US #System keyboard keyboard us #System mouse mouse #System timezone timezone Asia/Karachi #Root password rootpw --disabled #Initial user (user with sudo capabilities) user ubuntu --fullname "ahmer" --password ahmer1234 #Reboot after installation reboot #Use text mode install text #Install OS instead of upgrade install #Installation media nfs --server=192.168.116.41 --dir=/nfsshare/ubuntu18/ #System bootloader configuration bootloader --location=mbr #Clear the Master Boot Record zerombr yes #Partition clearing information clearpart --all --initlabel #Basic disk partition part / --fstype ext4 --size 1 --grow --asprimary part swap --size 1024 part /boot --fstype ext4 --size 256 --asprimary #System authorization infomation auth --useshadow --enablemd5 #Network information network --bootproto=dhcp --device=eth0 #Firewall configuration firewall --disabled --trust=eth0 --ssh

 

Copy boot images to tftpboot directory:

The Boot images in the Ubuntu ISO won’t work for network boot  Therefore, we downloaded netboot images from Ubuntu website.

[root@pxe-server ~]# wget http://archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/dists/cosmic/main/installer-amd64/current/images/netboot/netboot.tar.gz --2018-11-17 11:09:13-- http://archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/dists/cosmic/main/installer-amd64/current/images/netboot/netboot.tar.gz Resolving archive.ubuntu.com (archive.ubuntu.com)... 91.189.88.152, 91.189.88.161, 91.189.88.162, ... Connecting to archive.ubuntu.com (archive.ubuntu.com)|91.189.88.152|:80... connected. HTTP request sent, awaiting response... 200 OK Length: 56245393 (54M) [application/x-gzip] Saving to: ânetboot.tar.gz.1â 100%[======================================>] 56,245,393 179KB/s in 7m 23s 2018-11-17 11:16:40 (124 KB/s) - ânetboot.tar.gz.1â saved [56245393/56245393]

Extract download TARBall.

[root@pxe-server ~]# mkdir netboot [root@pxe-server ~]# tar xvf netboot.tar.gz -C netboot ./ ./ldlinux.c32 ./pxelinux.cfg ./ubuntu-installer/ ./ubuntu-installer/amd64/ ./ubuntu-installer/amd64/linux ./ubuntu-installer/amd64/boot-screens/ ./ubuntu-installer/amd64/boot-screens/txt.cfg ./ubuntu-installer/amd64/boot-screens/f2.txt ./ubuntu-installer/amd64/boot-screens/ldlinux.c32 ./ubuntu-installer/amd64/boot-screens/f8.txt ./ubuntu-installer/amd64/boot-screens/libcom32.c32 ./ubuntu-installer/amd64/boot-screens/f10.txt ./ubuntu-installer/amd64/boot-screens/prompt.cfg ./ubuntu-installer/amd64/boot-screens/f3.txt ./ubuntu-installer/amd64/boot-screens/rqtxt.cfg ./ubuntu-installer/amd64/boot-screens/syslinux.cfg ./ubuntu-installer/amd64/boot-screens/f1.txt ./ubuntu-installer/amd64/boot-screens/f5.txt ./ubuntu-installer/amd64/boot-screens/f4.txt ./ubuntu-installer/amd64/boot-screens/menu.cfg ./ubuntu-installer/amd64/boot-screens/adtxt.cfg ./ubuntu-installer/amd64/boot-screens/f7.txt ./ubuntu-installer/amd64/boot-screens/stdmenu.cfg ./ubuntu-installer/amd64/boot-screens/libutil.c32 ./ubuntu-installer/amd64/boot-screens/splash.png ./ubuntu-installer/amd64/boot-screens/exithelp.cfg ./ubuntu-installer/amd64/boot-screens/f9.txt ./ubuntu-installer/amd64/boot-screens/vesamenu.c32 ./ubuntu-installer/amd64/boot-screens/f6.txt ./ubuntu-installer/amd64/pxelinux.cfg/ ./ubuntu-installer/amd64/pxelinux.cfg/default ./ubuntu-installer/amd64/initrd.gz ./ubuntu-installer/amd64/pxelinux.0 ./version.info ./pxelinux.0

We need to copy initrd.gz and linux files from netboot directory ~/netboot/ubuntu-installer/amd64/ to /var/lib/tftpboot/networkboot/ubuntu18 directory. These files will be referenced in the menu entry of PXE boot menu.

[root@pxe-server ~]# mkdir /var/lib/tftpboot/networkboot/ubuntu18 [root@pxe-server ~]# cp ~/netboot/ubuntu-installer/amd64/{linux,initrd.gz} /var/lib/tftpboot/networkboot/ubuntu18/

 

Create Menu Entries for Ubuntu 18.10 installation:

Edit PXE boot menu for BIOS based clients.

[root@pxe-server ~]# vi /var/lib/tftpboot/pxelinux.cfg/default

Add a menu entry for Ubuntu 18.10 installation therein.

default vesamenu.c32 prompt 0 timeout 30 menu title Ahmer's PXE Menu label Install RHEL 7.5 kernel /networkboot/rhel7/vmlinuz append initrd=/networkboot/rhel7/initrd.img inst.repo=ftp://192.168.116.41/pub/rhel7 ks=ftp://192.168.116.41/pub/rhel7/rhel7.cfg label Install RHEL 6.0 (64-bit) kernel /networkboot/rhel6/vmlinuz append initrd=/networkboot/rhel6/initrd.img inst.repo=ftp://192.168.116.41/pub/rhel6 ks=ftp://192.168.116.41/pub/rhel6/rhel6.cfg label Install Ubuntu 18.10 Server menu label Install Ubuntu 18.10 Server kernel networkboot/ubuntu18/linux append vga=788 initrd=networkboot/ubuntu18/initrd.gz ks=nfs:192.168.116.41:/nfsshare/ubuntu18/preseed/ubuntu.seed --- quiet

Edit PXE boot menu for UEFI based clients. For more information on UEFI, please refer to Add UEFI Support to PXE Server in CentOS 7.

[root@pxe-server ~]# vi /var/lib/tftpboot/grub.cfg

Add a menu entry for Ubuntu 18.10 installation in this file.

set timeout=60 menuentry 'Install RHEL 7.5' { linuxefi /networkboot/rhel7/vmlinuz inst.repo=ftp://192.168.116.41/pub/rhel7/ inst.ks=ftp://192.168.116.41/pub/rhel7/rhel7.cfg initrdefi /networkboot/rhel7/initrd.img } menuentry 'Install RHEL 6.0' { linuxefi /networkboot/rhel6/vmlinuz inst.repo=ftp://192.168.116.41/pub/rhel6/ inst.ks=ftp://192.168.116.41/pub/rhel6/rhel6.cfg initrdefi /networkboot/rhel6/initrd.img } menuentry "Install Ubuntu 18.10 Server" { set gfxpayload=keep linuxefi /networkboot/ubuntu18/linux inst.repo=nfs:192.168.116.41:/nfsshare/ubuntu18 inst.ks=nfs:192.168.116.41:/nfsshare/ubuntu18/preseed/ubuntu.seed initrdefi /networkboot/ubuntu18/initrd.gz }

Now, connect a BIOS based PXE client to network and boot it. It will display the following PXE boot menu.

BIOS-Boot-Menu-02

Similarly, connect a UEFI based PXE client to network and boot it. It will display the following PXE boot menu.

UEFI-Boot-Menu-02

We have successfully configured our CentOS 7 PXE boot server to install Ubuntu 18.10. You can also add other versions of Ubuntu in similar manner.

Configure CentOS 7 PXE Server to Install Ubuntu 18.10


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8 comments:

  1. Good morning i’m having a difficulties installing Ubuntu thorugh network share on client. I followed centos tutorial working like a charm. Then i configure kickstart.. made it automated install of centos working fine.. now i’m trying to do multi PXE boot server. So i’m following this guide. So my first question do i have to use NFS server? Can’t i use same vsftpd share? I made a directory in /var/ftp/pub/crntos for centos and for ubuntu i made /ubuntu to share the whole image.. i used your kickstart configuration and i made some changes in there based on my network. Actually PXE boot screen coming fine i select ubuntu from the list its starting the installaion.. it found the ip from dhcp and start. But getting some nameserver error. I wish i can post the image so i can get you the right error... can you please suggest if you understand the situation. I’m learner so you take your time whenever you get a chance. Thankyou

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Hi,
      Answers to your questions are:

      1) Yes, we can use FTP or HTTP instead of NFS.
      2) Please check the NFS command in your kickstart file. May be you have used a hostname in place of IP Address. Please use an IP Address and check again.

      If the problem persists then please contact me on Facebook.

      Delete
  2. Can I make the PXE boot menu time longer? Say 30 seconds instead of 5?

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Yes, Please set timeout in /var/lib/tftpboot/pxelinux.cfg/default file.

      Delete
  3. hello Sir,
    You have used here Ubuntu18.04 Server but i want Ubuntu 18.04 Desktop How i can do that??

    ReplyDelete
  4. could not find kernel image vesamenu.c32

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. vesamenu.c32 is in netboot.tar.gz. Please download netboot.tar.gz file, as mentioned above.

      Delete